Almanac: September » Almanac: September 23

Almanac: September
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Sen. Richard M. Nixon, R-California, salvaged his vice presidential nomination by going on television from Los Angeles to refute allegations of improper campaign fundraising in what became known as the “Checkers” speech. Nixon would later run for President, losing to John F. Kennedy in the 1960 election. After an unsuccessful run for California governor, Nixon rebounded to successfully run for President in 1968, defeating Hubert Humphrey in a tumultuous election that witnessed the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy. [Source:, and the Orange County Register.]


California Governor Pete Wilson signs the Electric Utility Industry Restructuring Act. One of its provisions forms California Independent System Operator (CAISO), a non-profit that manages the flow of electricity across the high-voltage, long-distance power lines that make up 80 percent of California’s and a small part of Nevada’s grid. [Source: California ISO and California: A History by Kevin Starr.]