ENSO

El Niño Watch expects a good rainy season for the Northern Hemisphere Winter. Dust off your umbrellas after Christmas, and keep your fingers crossed.

Below-average sea surface temperatures (SSTs) persisted in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean during the past month (Fig. 1). All of the latest weekly Niño index values were near -1.0ºC, except for the Niño-1+2 index which was at -0.5ºC (Fig. 2). In November 2022, negative subsurface temperature anomalies weakened (Fig. …continue reading